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2022-12-05 投稿人:一分快3平台(巴中)有限公司司 围观833 766 评论

少子化危机严重 2035年台湾总生育率恐成全球垫底******

  中新网10月31日电 据台湾“中央社”报道,台湾地区生育率低迷,已经是全球“后段班”,据台“国发会”报告指出,到2035年,台湾地区总生育率或成为全球总生育率最低的地区。

  据报道,总生育率可理解为每妇女一生中生育子女的总数。观察台湾地区过去总生育率的走势,在2010年一度跌破1、下探0.90人,创下历史新低,来年便回升,不过2020年又再度跌破1,跌至0.99人。

  台“国发会”指出,2021年台湾地区总生育率续降为0.98人,进一步观察推估可以发现,虽然台湾地区总生育率可望小幅回升,但到了2035年,也只升至1.12人,不及韩国提升的速度(1.18人);也就是说,2035年台湾地区将正式取代韩国,成为全球总生育率最低的地区。

  此外,台“国发会”指出,虽然台湾地区15岁至64岁人口占总人口比率目前还处在高峰期,但下降速度相当快,于2060年开始低于50%。少子化衍生的议题将在劳动市场、社会照顾等面向发酵,除了平均年龄走高、工作年龄人口占比下滑,还可能导致劳动力不足,年轻一代的扶养负担也会愈来愈沉重。

  报告指出,台湾地区的扶养比自2012年起逐年上升,依据中推估,随老年人口快速攀升,未来扶养比也将随之上升,2022年为42.2,预估于2060年就会超过100。另以工作年龄人口与老年人口之比来看,2022年每4名工作年龄人口负担1名老年人口,但到了2070年,降至每1.1名就须负担1名老年人口,届时青壮年恐怕将被沉重的扶养压力压得喘不过气。凤凰快三

Chernobyl nuclear plant disconnected from power grid as Russian, Ukrainian FMs to meet in Turkey******

Imaginechina

A safe confinement covering the fourth block of Chernobyl Nuclear power plant in Chernobyl, Ukraine, on April 15, 2021.

The Ukrainian state-run energy company Ukrenergo said Wednesday that the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in northern Ukraine has been disconnected from the power grid.

"The nuclear power plant in Chernobyl was fully disconnected from the power grid. The nuclear station has no power supply," Ukrenergo said in a statement on Telegram.

Military actions in the area are in progress so there is no possibility to restore the power lines, it said.

Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba on Twitter called on the international community to press an urgent demand that Russia cease-fire and allow repair units to restore the power supply to the nuclear power plant.

"Reserve diesel generators have a 48-hour capacity to power the Chernobyl NPP (Nuclear Power Plant). After that, cooling systems of the storage facility for spent nuclear fuel will stop, making radiation leaks imminent," Kuleba tweeted.

Russian Deputy Defense Minister Nikolai Pankov said on Wednesday that Ukraine's "nationalists" committed "an extremely dangerous provocation" by attacking the substation and power lines that feed the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.

Russian specialists have taken prompt measures to switch to backup diesel generators, he said at a briefing.

On Tuesday, the Vienna-based International Atomic Energy Agency said that remote data transmission from the safeguards control systems installed at the Chernobyl plant has been lost.

However, the United Nations nuclear watchdog denied any critical safety risk after receiving the Ukrainian report about the loss of power at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant on Wednesday.

"Heat load of spent fuel storage pool and volume of cooling water at Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant sufficient for effective heat removal without need for electrical supply," the IAEA said in a statement posted on Twitter.

The Chernobyl nuclear plant, some 110 km north of Kiev, suffered one of the worst nuclear accidents in human history on April 26, 1986.

On February 24, Mykhailo Podoliak, adviser to the Head of the President's Office of Ukraine, said Russian forces have seized the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.

Russian and Ukrainian foreign ministers are expected to meet in Turkey's southern province of Antalya on Thursday on the sidelines of the Antalya Diplomatic Forum, according to Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu.

The meeting is set to be held in a tripartite format, as part of Turkey's "intense effort" to bring both sides together.

Before the planned meeting, Russian President Vladimir Putin and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz held a phone conversation on Wednesday to explore political and diplomatic efforts toward a possible settlement of the Ukraine crisis.

Putin and Scholz discussed the results of the third round of negotiations between the Russian and Ukrainian delegations, the Kremlin said in a statement.

The leaders also paid special attention to humanitarian issues arising from the current situation, it said, adding that Putin briefed Scholz about measures taken to organize humanitarian corridors for the evacuation of civilians.

Also on Wednesday, the Russian Foreign Ministry called on Washington to explain to the international community the purpose of the US-funded biological laboratories in Ukraine.

"We remember for how many years and with what bloody results the United States searched for various types of chemical, biological, bacteriological weapons and so on all over the world, actually occupying lands and killing people," the ministry's spokesperson Maria Zakharova told a briefing.

She said that Kiev has recently begun erasing traces of these biological programs.

"We received documentation from Ukrainian employees at the biological laboratories on the urgent destruction of especially dangerous pathogens, plague, anthrax, cholera and other deadly diseases on February 24," she said.

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北京奔驰扩大召回上万辆电动汽车,涉EQA、EQB、EQC车型******

  中新网10月28日电 据国家市场监督管理总局网站28日消息,日前,北京奔驰汽车有限公司根据《缺陷汽车产品召回管理条例》和《缺陷汽车产品召回管理条例实施办法》的要求,向国家市场监督管理总局备案了召回计划,扩大召回部分EQA、EQB和EQC电动汽车。本次召回活动是2022年2月18日发布的《北京奔驰汽车有限公司召回部分EQC电动汽车》召回活动的扩大召回。

  自2022年12月15日起,扩大召回生产日期在2019年12月5日至2022年9月17日期间的部分EQC电动汽车,共计3345辆。自2023年2月1日起,扩大召回生产日期在2020年2月11日至2022年10月10日期间的部分EQA和EQB电动汽车,共计8078辆。

  由于电动驱动模块制造偏差,本次召回范围内部分车辆电动驱动模块内的冷却系统可能存在密封不足,造成冷却液渗漏。如果冷却液微渗到电机内,长期使用后可能降低高压系统的绝缘电阻值,导致车辆无法启动。另外,极端条件下,车辆的电动驱动模块输出功率会降低,存在安全隐患。(中新财经)

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西安一小男孩把头卡进公交车栏杆 司机乘客一起帮孩子脱困******

  已经很久没有孩子把头卡进公交车栏杆里的新闻了,但最近又出现了,这回帮忙的不是消防员,而是公交司机和热心乘客。

  2月27日16时许,18路151582号车行至朱雀大街青松路口时,车厢内传来了一个男孩的哭声,驾驶员杨展骥听到后,赶快靠边停车。当他来到车厢后门处时,一个7、8岁的男孩将头卡进了扶手栏杆的间隙。

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  一分钟前,调皮的男孩把头塞进扶手栏杆玩,男孩爸爸一个没留神,孩子头就卡住了。在听到男孩哭声后,驾驶员、乘客全都来帮忙,甚至大家还尝试将栏杆往外拉,希望可以“掰”出空隙。“男孩耳朵离栏杆太近,基本贴着,大家也很小心”。6分钟后,“援救”毫无结果,大家先停了下来,驾驶员杨师傅专门拍了视频,在18路群里求助。 有人提议:将孩子抱起来,侧着身子从脖子以下将孩子送出来。然后,他给服务队长打了电话,服务队长刘罡建议他拨打119。在他准备拨打119路时,他又接到了同事的电话。

  “现在啥情况?”18路驾驶员孙智恒也给他打来了来电话。“倾斜孩子的头,和栏杆保持平行,试试?”最终,在乘客的集体努力下,大家找到了合适的角度,男孩的头一瞬间就出来了。在事发后十分钟,男孩终于脱困。大家也终于松了一口气,男孩爸爸紧紧将其抱在怀里,公交车也恢复运行。

  “大家都来帮忙,我很感动。”对此,杨师傅提醒乘客,希望乘客乘车时,能看管好自己的孩子,避免意外情况发生。

  华商报记者 赵瑞利


来源:华商网-华商报

编辑:方正

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